Biography of Ron Paul:

Ronald Ernest Paul also known as Ron Paul, born on August 20 , 1935 is an American politician, member of the Republican Party, representing Texas to the House of Representatives from 1976 to 1977, from 1979 to 1985, and finally 1997 to 2013 . He was a candidate in the 1988 presidential election for the Libertarian Party, for the Republican Party nomination for the 2008 presidential election and for the 2012 presidential election.

A supporter of libertarianism, he advocates a federal state with a limited role, low taxes, free markets, a non-interventionist foreign policy as well as a return to monetary policies based on metals (gold, silver) as a standard.

He is sometimes nicknamed "Doctor No" in Congress because he graduated in medicine but also because he votes against all laws that he believes violate the US constitution, increase the income of members of the House of Representatives, or increase taxes.

Ron Paul was born in Green Tree, Pennsylvania during the Great Depression. He is the third of a modest family of five children. During his childhood, he worked on his parents' small farm, delivering newspapers and in a pharmacy.

In 1957, aged 22, he married Carol Wells, whom he had met at the high school in Dormont and with whom he had five children. He went on to graduate school and graduated in 1961 from the Duke University School of Medicine. He became an obstetrician gynaecologist in Lake Jackson, Texas. He then moved to the Houston, Texas area.

In 1974, Ron Paul became a delegate to the Texas Republican convention. It comes to the election headquarters of the 22 Texas district in the House of Representatives. He is largely beaten by the outgoing Democratic representative, Robert Casey.

Ron Paul

In April 1976, he was elected in a by-election as a Republican to 22 Texas district in the House of Representatives in order to complete the term of Robert R. Casey appointed to the Federal Maritime Commission by President Gerald Ford. However, in November 1976, he was beaten by 300 votes (0.2%) during the renewal of the mandate by the Democratic candidate Robert Gammage. Ron Paul took his revenge in 1978 and was re-elected in 1980 and 1982. In 1984, Paul chose not to run for the chamber and ran for the Senate. He was beaten in the Republican primaries by Phil Gramm while his seat as representative of the 22nd district was won by Republican Tom DeLay. Paul then returned to the private sector.

In 1988, Ron Paul ran for President of the United States for the Libertarian Party (while remaining a member of the Republican Party). He was beaten but, by obtaining a little over 400,000 votes (0.4% of the vote), he came in third place in the popular vote behind George HW Bush (elected president) and Michael Dukakis.

In 1996, Paul comes back to the Republican primary election for the position of representative of the 14th Texas district in the House of Representatives. He beat the former Democrat rallied to the Republicans Greg Laughlin, yet supported by the party staff, by Newt Gingrich, by the National Rifle Association and by Governor George W. Bush. He was then elected against the Democratic candidate and re-elected in 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004 and 2006.

A libertarian republican, Ron Paul is independent and very isolated in his own camp. Under the mandates of George W. Bush, he thus voted against the proposals of Republican laws on the increase in military spending, called for a rapid withdrawal of American troops from Iraq and a reduction in the powers of the Federal Reserve.

2008 presidential election - Ron Paul:

In 2007, he announced his intention to run for the Republican nomination for the 2008 presidential election. Although very popular on the American Internet network and having been elected as the most convincing in several debates for the Republican nomination, it remains around 5 to 10% of voting intentions. His supporters accuse the media of deliberately obscuring his candidacy.

Ron Paul raised for the financing of his campaign, in 24 hours, the November 5, 2007, more than 4 million dollars, mainly via the Internet. The initiative for this "money bomb" was taken by a Californian, without the direct support of the candidate's campaign team. These donations drew the attention of the major American media to the “phenomenon” Ron Paul, especially since he already had about 5 million dollars, raised during the third quarter.

By adopting the same approach, Ron Paul obtained $ 6.2 million on December 16, the day of the commemoration of the Boston Tea Party, which is an all-time high for an American candidate.

During the first primary elections and the first Republican Party caucuses for nomination as candidate for the 2008 presidential election, he obtained between 3 and 25% of the vote, notably rising to second place behind Mitt Romney in the Nevada caucus on Jan. 19, 2008. Ron Paul gets his best score (25% of the vote) in the Montana caucus on February 5, moving up to second place among the Republican contenders behind Mitt Romney (38%) and ahead of John McCain (22%). Although John McCain has won enough delegates to secure the Republican Party nomination since the March 4, 2008 Ron Paul did not officially drop out of the presidential nomination contest until June 12, 2008. However, he continues his campaign to disseminate his ideas, ignored by the media but with donations totalling since the start of the campaign $ 35 million.

In 2010 and 2011, Ron Paul won the vote closing the CPAC (Conservative Political Action Conference), the Republican Party's annual event, with 31% of the vote in 2010 and 30% in 2011.

2012 presidential election:

On April 26, 2011, Ron Paul announced in Des Moines, Iowa, the establishment of an exploratory committee to support his possible candidacy for the 2012 presidential election. On May 13, he officially announced that he would run for the presidential primaries of Republican Party. Several polls placed him among the favourites for the first polls. Although left behind in national polls by Mitt Romney, Ron Paul has, as in 2008, the most enthusiastic and solid militant base of all contenders Republicans. He comes second, just behind Michele Bachmann, in an internal poll of Republican voters in the Iowa, August 13, 2011.

In the first official primary poll, the Iowa caucus of January 3, 2012, Ron Paul came third with more than 21% of the vote behind Rick Santorum and Mitt Romney, both neck-and-neck with nearly 25 % of votes cast. This result is despite everything an achievement for Ron Paul, especially in comparison with the score he had obtained in 2008. During the following primary, in New Hampshire, the libertarian candidate again achieves a good performance by arriving this time second. with 23% of the vote, behind leader Mitt Romney race (39%) and ahead of former Governor of Utah , Jon Huntsman, Jr. (17%).

The rest of the campaign is less positive for the dean of the Republican candidates. While it achieves good results in certain states (27% in Minnesota, 35% in Maine, 25% in Washington state and Vermont, 28% in North Dakota, 40% in Virginia and 24 % in Rhode Island), he won no poll. He nevertheless chooses to maintain his candidacy until the end, even if he decides to stop financing his campaign, for lack of means, from May 14. At the Republican convention of Tampa in Florida in August 2012, he failed to secure the party's official nomination from Mitt Romney for the general election. He nevertheless managed to win the support of 190 delegates.

He then refused to call to vote for the invested candidate, Mitt Romney, against Barack Obama.

In 2016, he first supported his son, Rand Paul, during his candidacy in the Republican presidential primaries, but he failed from the first caucuses in Iowa. In the general election, he refuses to choose between Republican candidate Donald Trump and Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton.

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