The international community achievements closed yesterday with minimal preparatory meeting of the climate change summit from November 29th to be held in Cancun (Mexico). A week of intense meetings between more than 170 countries participating in the Chinese port city of Tianjin showed the profound and growing disparities between rich countries and least developed. Only an agreement was stronger for green technology transfer and to establish a fund to help poorer countries to combat emissions of greenhouse gases responsible for global warming.

Strong existing differences and mistrust were represented by the United States and China, yesterday accused each other of blocking progress at the talks, prompting an angry reaction from environmental organizations, berated them acting in their own interest and not for save the planet. "We have made some modest progress but, unfortunately, quite limited," said Jonathan Pershing, the chief U.S. negotiator in Tianjin.

China

Beijing repeated its traditional position that in order to advance the process, the U.S. and other rich countries must commit to deeper cuts in emissions. He also said that should help with money and technology transfer to less developed nations to combat climate change. Beijing has accused rich nations of trying to rewrite the Kyoto Protocol, which expires at the end of 2012, in order to avoid their obligations to cut CO2 emissions. Washington, meanwhile, insisted he did not commit funds until large developing nations like China to accept that their efforts to reduce pollution should be verified by the international community. China has overtaken U.S. as the biggest emitter of greenhouse gases.

Pershing called on Beijing to allow the control of emissions targets and translated into a new covenant. But China insisted it will not move on what is collected in Kyoto, despite the fact that many rich countries want a new treaty. Kyoto only calls for binding targets to cut emissions to about 40 industrialized countries. U.S. claims that China, India and Brazil agree on a new pact.

Pershing said that if China does not accept limits, the summit that will be in danger. "These are key elements of the deal. A lack of progress raises concern about the outcome of Cancun," he said, reports France Presse. Chinese negotiator, Su Wei, said Washington was creating a smokescreen to hide their own inaction. "It's not fair to criticize if you do nothing," he said. "After five years of negotiations, there has been little or no progress," he said. These same points were crucial for the failed summit in Copenhagen last year.

United States of America

Christiana Figueres, general secretary of the Framework Convention on Climate Change United Nations, recognized the fighting, but declined to give an optimistic note. He said progress had been made, and said he believed that Cancun will finalize the plan for that rich countries provide 21,500 million euros over three years to the poor to combat climate change.

The swords are still high, which has drawn criticism from environmental organizations like Greenpeace, whose responsible for climate change on Friday lashed out against both blocks. "We need to get out of this culture of confrontation," said Wendel Trio.

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