With the notable absence of the General Assembly hall of the UN to the Israeli delegation, justified by the conclusion of a Jewish religious party, Barack Obama asked the international community's collective efforts to facilitate a peace agreement between the Government Israeli and the Palestinian Authority with an independent and sovereign Palestinian state living in peace with a Jewish state recognized by Arab countries.
Never before has a U.S. president had defended with so much emphasis on this forum, the annual occasion in which he speaks directly to the world-the need for a solution to the core conflict in the Middle East, including the rights of the Palestinians. Obama spent more than a third of his speech to advocate for this cause, which has become the most important of its international policy, ahead or alongside the fight against terrorism.
He urged all the governments represented at the meeting to "translate into action" his frequent words of sympathy with either side. Those who say they support Israel, "must understand that true security of the Jewish state requires an independent Palestine, one that allows the Palestinian people live in dignity and opportunity." Those who say they support the Palestinians, "have to understand that the rights of the people will only be obtained by peaceful means, including a sincere reconciliation with a secure State of Israel."
This offset, probably essential for a president who is acting as a mediator of complex negotiations in which very little trust, are, however, rare in the traditional language used in the relations between the U.S. and its closest ally in the world: Israel .
Although that is not the reason for the absence of the Israeli delegates, they were spared, thanks to its religious celebration, to hear a speech that will probably not please the Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Among other things, because Obama insisted that his government "should extend the moratorium on settlement building" Jews on Palestinian land.
Obama also strongly defended Israel's right to its existence and its "historical legitimacy of the Jewish homeland" and warned that anyone who does not recognize it "will face insurmountable opposition from the U.S.." "Israelis Threaten or kill is used to help the Palestinians. The murder of innocent Israelis is not resistance, it is injustice. Make no mistake: the value of a man like President Abbas [Mahmoud Abbas, president of the Palestinian Authority], which defends his people against the world in very difficult circumstances, is much greater than that of firing rockets at innocent women and children, "said Obama at a forum in which they are often more applauded the praise to the latter than the former .
The U.S. president acknowledged that the recently initiated negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis will be very difficult. He understood the cynics who, after many failed attempts, are resigned to the current status quo. But he warned that, if one really believes in the rights they defend routinely year after year in this House, we must succeed this time. "Without a settlement," he said, "Palestinians will never know the pride and dignity of their own state, and Israelis will never know the security and tranquility of living with stable and sovereign neighbors committed to coexistence."
The main effort, he added, they have to do the two parties involved in the negotiations. But other countries can help decisively, especially the Arabs, "who should take this opportunity to take tangible steps towards normalization with Israel."
"If we do," Obama predicted, "when we return here next year, we have an agreement to admit a new member of the United Nations, an independent and sovereign Palestinian state living in peace with Israel."
That would, of course, the apotheosis of Obama's foreign policy, now under the tough challenge of translating into reality the great hopes raised by his coming to power. The Obama yesterday at the UN was a president was seriously marked by difficulties with more modest domestic and international goals. He, however, traces of the peculiarity of its management and its personality in his defense of civil society as a vehicle of democracy and equitable development and freedom.