Morphological Description of a Tiger
We distinguish the skeleton of the tiger's lion by the length of its members, and that the leopard by its larger size.
The tiger is the largest wild cat is also the largest predator on land behind the Kodiak bear and the polar bear. The cat has a body longer than the lion, which makes it seem much more solid. The measurements of the tiger vary greatly from one subspecies to another: a male Sumatran tiger will not weigh over 140 kg for 2.3 meters in total length while a Siberian tiger can reach 300 kg 3.3 meters long The height at withers of the tiger may well vary from 0.85 to a meter, its total length with the tail of 2 to 3.7 meters and weighing 65 to 300 kg The weight record is held by Siberian tiger killed in 1950: it weighed 384 kg
The ears of the tiger are rounded, their outer surface is black with a large white patch in the middle. The pupils are round, the iris is golden to green, sometimes blue. The nose is pink with black spots sometimes, the vibrissae are abundant in a snout short. The forehead is rounded. The neck is covered with fur much thicker and thicker forming a ruff, particularly in males. The canines of the tiger is the longest of all cats present: they can reach a length of nine inches. Like all members of the genus Panthera, the hyoid bone is partially ossified, allowing it to roar
The tiger fur is light yellow to dark orange with black stripes. The coat is creamy white on the inside of the limbs, the chest, the throat and on the cheeks, the jaw lower and upper eye. The black stripes are more or less abundant depending on the subspecies, sometimes double on the flanks. They differ from one individual to another and even from one side to another and form a real "identity card" or "bar code" for the tiger The tigers live in forests are generally darker and have a number of stripes increases. In winter, the hair thins out and becomes more dense for the Siberian tiger and the Caspian tiger The tail is first scratched and then becomes ringed at its end.
The white tiger, sometimes presented in zoos or circuses, not a subspecies or geographic race of the tiger. Some specimens were observed wild in India, but an individual captured in 1951, Mohan, who became the ancestor of most white tigers captive Most tigers have stripes black to light brown on off-white fur, the eyes are blue. This is considered a mutation autosomal recessive chinchilla named, encountered in other mammals, including domestic cats and rabbits There are no cases of albinism recognized. Many cases of all white tigers, no scratches, has been postponed, but there were tigers where the color was very pale, and not non-existent
The golden tiger or golden tiger has a white coat with red marks forming a kind of stripes
Black tigers have been reported from time to time, but the only evidence of their existence is a skin confiscated by police in October 1992. The dress has an abnormally large scratches that come together completely on his back and head, causing the illusion of a black tiger. This particular gown may be due to the expression of a gene agouti and is not a case of melanism
A tiger marching strides made 55 to 80 cm long. The paw prints measure 10 to 14 cm wide and 16 cm long This is an excellent swimmer. It readily crosses the river wide 6 to 8 km and the record is held by a Sumatran tiger have crossed an inlet of 29 km wide The tiger can run at maximum speed of 50 kph, but over very short distances of around twenty meters
Read Also: Different Subspecies of Tiger