The tiger (Panthera tigris) is a mammalian carnivore of the family of cats (Felidae) of the genus Panthera. Easily recognizable by its reddish fur with black stripes, is the largest wild cat in the world. The species is divided into nine sub-species with minor differences in size or behavior. Apex predator, it hunts mainly deer and wild boars, although it can tackle prey larger as the buffaloes. Until the nineteenth century, the tiger was known man-eater. The social structure of tigers is a solitary animal, the male has a territory that encompasses several areas of females and barely participates in the education of children.
Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris)
Very versatile in terms of habitat, the tiger is found throughout the Asia, although its range has greatly reduced. The species is considered endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and is protected in all countries where they live. Banished to the mid-twentieth century, the tiger populations have declined sharply, from an enrollment estimated at 100 000 in 1900 to just over 5 000 tigers, the majority living in India. The reduction of habitat and poaching supplying the traditional Chinese medicine are the main threats to the species.
"King of Animals" and zodiac sign Chinese, the tiger is also very present in the mythological Hindu, used to mount Durga. Emblematic figure representing the strength and ferocity, this feline is depicted in many paintings of hunting and has been featured in many works, musical and literary: Shere Khan from Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling or Hobbes in the comic strip Calvin and Hobbes.
Read Also: Different Subspecies of Tiger