Hunting and diet
 
Methods of Hunting
 
The tiger is a twilight predator: it preferres to hunt up and down day, but may also hunt during the day It locates its prey visually and by ear, and only rarely uses its smell to that activity The tiger prefers to attack individuals young and old, weaker than those in the prime of life.

The tiger approach his prey at the edge and attack from the side or rear. If its prey is small, the tiger kills by breaking the cervical vertebrae, if it is pregnant, it preferred to bite the throat and the choking The bite to the throat prevents the horns and hooves of their prey and prevent them from meeting The tiger is used to pull the carcass into the bushes to devour quiet and he can also cover it with leaves or dirt to hide Sometimes several tigers hunt together in the Ranthambore National Park in India, there were two males and three females fold prey to one of the group. Such behavior is rare, however

The percentage of a successful hunt varies among individuals and habitat: for example, in the Ranthambore National Park, only 10% of hunts are successful, while in the dense forests of Kanha National Park, the average is 5% success
 
Food
 
alt
 
A Siberian tiger attacked a sika deer.

A Bengal tiger consumes only six kilograms of meat per day, which, depending on the size of prey is taken 40 to 70 per year A tiger has an average need of a big hunt prey every seven to ten days A tiger can swallow 14 to 40 kg of meat at once. It usually begins by devouring the rump of her victim

The tiger eats only meat, an animal is carnivorous. The main prey of tigers are of average weight (from fifty to two hundred kilograms), it mainly attacks wild boar and deer The diet varies tiger sub-species and its habitat as it includes the gaur, the sambar, the buffalo, axis deer, the monkey, etc.. He tackles some thorny animals porcupines, but also to larger prey such as bears, the leopards, small rhinoceros and elephants or crocodiles

Thanks to its hind legs longer than the earlier, the tiger has a knack for jumping. Moreover, it has powerful muscular shoulders. This predator has a physique suited for large prey, like other felines impressive.

Predatory opportunist, the tiger will not refuse to address the livestock or a carcass If necessary, it can also show cannibalistic
 

man-eater?

The tiger is the cat with the highest reputation of man-eating, including India. This does not mean that the human being is part of his diet, but sometimes certain individuals to attack humans, especially in India.

The famous case of man-eating tigers are not lacking. The tigress nicknamed the "eater of Champawat man" who was shot by the hunter Jim Corbett in 1907 had killed no fewer than 438 people in eight years Since the early twentieth century, victims are much less numerous, but in the 1950s, there are nearly 5 000 deaths per year

The major fatal accidents occur during an accidental release in contact between humans and animals, which prompted the tiger to attack surprised. However, loss of canines, essential in the killing, is a factor: the tiger, unable to feed on large prey, it falls on weaker prey, including humans. This fact, noted by Jim Corbett, is corroborated by testimony of Pierre Pfeffer, a wounded tiger in the jaw with a rifle butt subsequently returned to feed on human flesh The tigers can transmit the taste of human flesh to their children and perpetuate a line of man-eating

The Sundarbans, mainly composed of mangrove forest located at the mouth of the Brahmaputra, home to the last man-eating tigers: from 1948 to 1986, more than 800 people were killed and each year there are fifty victims The behavior of these tigers remain unexplained. Several methods have been tested deterrent to protect the inhabitants of the region. Wearing a mask in the back of the skull appears to be effective because the Tigers have a habit of attacking in the back
 

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